Pengukuran dan nama-nama lainnya

Pengukuran (measurement) adalah kegiatan memeriksa dan menakar besaran dari spesimen secara teliti mengikuti metode yang sistematis dengan mempergunakan alat ukur yang mempunyai skala dan satuan.

Beberapa definisi lain yang terkait dengan pengukuran :

  • Penghitungan atau pencacahan (counting). Kegiatan menghitung banyaknya entitas.
    1. Kamus besar bahasa Indonesia : membilang untuk mengetahui berapa jumlahnya atau banyaknya.
    2. Kamus merriam-webster : the act or process to indicate or name by units or groups so as to find the total number of units involved.
    3. Kamus collins : add all the things in a group up in order to find how many there are..
    4. Kamus cambridge : the act or process to calculate the number of people or things in a group.
    5. Kamus oxford : determine the total number of (a collection of items)
  • Pengukuran (measuring). Kegiatan mengukur langsung atribut dari entitas mempergunakan alat ukur standar atau yang disepakati yang memiliki satuan ukur baku.
    1. Kamus besar bahasa Indonesia : menentukan ukurannya dengan alat tertentu dengan cara membandingkan, menguji, mencoba, mengira, dan sebagainya.
    2. Kamus merriam-webster : ascertain the dimensions, capacity, or amount of something using an instrument or utensil with a standard or unit of measurement.
    3. Kamus collins : discover a quantity that can be expressed in numbers using a particular instrument or device.
    4. Kamus cambridge : discover the exact size or amount of something.
    5. Kamus oxford : ascertain the size, amount, or degree of (something) by using an instrument or device marked in standard units
    6. Kamus business dictionary : record a number or quantity as a directly observable value or performance in standard unit or indicator.
  • Penaksiran (assessment). kegiatan mengestimasi taksiran berdasarkan pengamatan empiris pada satu atau beberapa kriteria/atribut tertentu yang dimiliki entitas dengan komparasi absolut (terhadap acuan standar) atau komparasi relatif (antar entitas).
    1. Kamus besar bahasa Indonesia : menentukan sesuatu secara kira-kira dengan menilik keadaan.
    2. Kamus merriam-webster : to determine the rate or amount of something according to an established rate.
    3. Kamus collins : estimate the amount or worth of person, thing, or situation in order to make a judgment about them.
    4. Kamus cambridge : to judge or decide the amount, value, quality, or importance of something.
    5. Kamus oxford : evaluate or estimate the nature, ability, quality, or value of someone or something
    6. Kamus business dictionary : a procedure to determine the value of a situation or person or thing
  • Penghargaan (appraisal). kegiatan membuat pertimbangan, kebijakan dan opini dari penilai ahli/berkualifikasi/berpengalaman terhadap sesuatu atau seseorang didukung hasil memeriksa beberapa kriteria/atribut tertentu.
    1. Kamus besar bahasa Indonesia : menentukan harga dengan memandang penting, bermanfaat, berguna, dan sebagainya.
    2. Kamus merriam-webster : to give an expert judgment of the value, worth, significance, status, or merit of something.
    3. Kamus collins : consider something or someone carefully and form an opinion about them to assess the worth, value, or quality.
    4. Kamus cambridge : to examine someone or something in order to judge their qualities, success, or needs.
    5. Kamus oxford : assess the value, quality, or performance of someone or something formally.
    6. Kamus business dictionary : The act of evaluating an object to determine how much it is worth (appraisal value). This is calculated by examining all factors that may increase or decrease the value of the object. To achieve the most accurate figure, a qualified appraiser who is licensed to assess the value will typically be utilized.
  • Penilaian (valuing, valuation). kegiatan memberikan nilai relatif berdasarkan kepentingan dan kinerja satu atau beberapa kriteria/atribut tertentu yang dimiliki entitas.
    1. Kamus besar bahasa Indonesia : memperkirakan atau menentukan nilainya.
    2. Kamus merriam-webster : to place a relative value, worth, utility, or importance on something.
    3. Kamus collins : to set a value, quality, attitude, or method of something since its importance or usefulness.
    4. Kamus cambridge : to assess the importance or worth of something for someone.
    5. Kamus oxford : estimate the worth or quality of something.
  • Evaluasi (evaluation). kegiatan mengevaluasi tingkatan atribut dari entitas (biasanya merupakan spesifikasi, kapabilitas atau kapasitas) melalui pemeriksaan dan pengujian, disertai analisa sebab-akibatnya.
    1. Kamus besar bahasa Indonesia : upaya penilaian secara teknis, ekonomis dan/atau aspek lainnya terhadap sesuatu.
    2. Kamus merriam-webster : to determine the significance, worth, or condition of usually by careful study and examination.
    3. Kamus collins : consider something or someone in order to make a judgment about them.
    4. Kamus cambridge : to judge or calculate the quality, importance, amount, or value of something.
    5. Kamus oxford : form an idea of the amount, number, or value of something.
    6. Kamus business dictionary : Rigorous analysis of completed or ongoing activities that determine or support accountability, effectiveness, and efficiency. Evaluation of completed activities is called ex-post evaluation, post-hoc evaluation, or summative evaluation. Evaluation of current or on going activities is called in-term evaluation. Evaluation is measuring the extent to which targets are being met, and detecting the factors that hinder or facilitate their realization. It also involves establishing cause-effect relationships about the extent to which a particular policy (or a set of policies) produces the desired outcome.
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